Monday, 16 January 2012

psc tutorial



1.Sahyadri Ranges refer to      
        a)Eastern ghats                   b)Western ghats                c)Satpura  Ranges                d) Siwaliks

   2.   Isotope of an element contain the same number of 
    a)protons but different number of neutrons     b)neutrons but different number of protons
   c)protons and neutrons                                   d) none of the above

  3. Fourth Buddist council was presided over by
   a)Vasumitra     b)Charakan   c)Kanishka      d)Aswasenan 

  4.Gandhi Irvin pact was signed on
   a)1932       b)1931        c)1933    d) 1930


  5. The Inter National Tourism year
   a)1957    b)1967      c)1977     d)1987


  6. Which disease is known as "Black water fever"
    a)AIDS      b)skin cancer   c)jaundice        d)malaria


  7.The first space station in the world
   a)Salute 1      b)skylab            c)voyager 1            d)viking


   8.National Education Day is the birthday of
    a)Zakkir Hussain      b)jawaharlal Nehru      c)Dr.S Radhakrishnan      d)Maulana Abdulkalam Azad


  9.Peoples Plan was envisaged by
      a)Nehru        b)Ambedkar        c)M.N Roy     d)Vishvesharajah


10. During whose tenure as the Viceroy of India were the great murtyres Bhagat Singh,Sukhdev and rajguru hanged
   a)Curzon                         b)Irwin            c)Minto             d)Cheimford


11.The Atlas bone in the human body is located in
    a)Neck                 b)head        c)chest              d)thigh


12.the minimum age required by a person to contest to the lok Sabha election is 
  a)18           b)25                          c)21                        d)35


13. "Merdeka cup" is associated with
 a)Football             b)Hockey          c)Shooting                    d)Water Polo


14.Fastest animal on the earth is
 a)Tiger     b)lion          c)Leopard                d)Cheetah


15.Who was the last Emperor of India
  a)George VI               b)William IV              c)Edward VIII           d)Charles II


 16.The average gestation period of a sheep is
   a)30 days              b)150 days        c)280 days             d)365 days


 17.Who first isolated Magnesium
    a)  Chadwick                   b) Humphry davy                  c)Mosley        d)Thomson

 18.India's first indegenously built super computer.
   a)Java         b)param              c)mantra          d)Pascal 


19.The first malayalee who got Padmavibhushan
   a)V K Krishnamenon                 b)V R Krishna Iyer    
   c)Vallathol Narayana Menon    d)A K Gopalan


 20.Which cricket ground is known as mecca of cricket?
  a)Sydney          b)Lords              c)Chinnaswamy               d)cheppok


21.The first ISO certified police station in Kerala.
   a) Kozhikode town           b)Trivandrum city           c)Ernakulam Rural            d)Kannur town


 22.Gaseous and strongest radio active element.
   a)Radon          b)Uranium               c)Cobalt                 d)Tritium


 23.Who is the persident of Indian National Congress at the time of Indian Independence
   a)Madanmohan Malavya      b)J B Kripalani      c)Pattabi seetaramayya       d)Moulana Abdul kalam Azad


24. Nivarthana agitation was on 
    a)1930            b)1931           c)1932       d)1933


 25.Where did Buddha die
   a)Lumbini     b)Kusinagara                 c)Pavapuri          d)Magadha











ans:



    1.b Western Ghats
  •            Sahyadris is a range of mountain s in southern India,also known as WEST GHATS.
  •  The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately 1600 km through the states of Maharashtra, Goa ,Karnataka,Tamil Nadu and Kerala ending at kanyakumari.
  • The Highest point is Anamudi (Eravikulam ,Idukki)
  • The lowest point is Palakkad gap(Palakkad)
  • The other mountains are Dodabetta ,kumara parvatham,pushpagiri,mahabaleswar..
  • The range is called Sahyadri in northern Maharashtra and Sahya Parvatam in Kerala.
  • In the South, the range is known as the Nilagiri malai or Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu.
  • Important rivers are Godavari,Krishna and Kaveri.
  • The area is one of the world’s ten "Hottest biodiversity hotspots" 

2.a   Protons but differnt number of neutrons

  • The fundamental building block of a matter is the atom.An atom consists of 3 main parts.protons,neutrons and electrons.Protons have a positive electrical charge.Neutrons have no electrical charge. Electrons have a negative electrical charge.Protons and neutrons found together and called nucleus of the atom.Electron circle around the nucleus.
  • Atomic number is the number of protons.it is also equal to the number of electrons.
  • Mass number is the total number of protons and neutrons.
  • Isobars are atoms of different elements having the same atomic mass but different atomic number
  • Isotopes are the elements having same atomic number but different mass number.
  • Isotones are elements having the same number of neutrons.
3.a     Vasumitra
  • 4 buddhist councils 
  • buddhist                      held at                              presided by               king                 
         first                          Satparni cave(rajgriha)        Mahakasypan          Ajatasatru       
            second                    Vysali                                     Sabakami                 Kalasokan      
            
           third                          Pataliputra(todays patna)     Mogaliputta Tissa    Ashoka        
         
          fourth                         Kundalavanam(Kashmir)      Vasumitra                Kanishkan      


    4.b    1931



    •      The Gandhi–Irwin Pact was a political agreement signed by Mahatma Gandhi and the Viceroy of India,Lord Irwin  on 5 March 1931 before the second Round Table Conference in London.
    • Sailent features of this act were
    1. The congress would participate in the Round Table conference.
    2. The congress would discontinue the Civil Disobedience Movement.
    3. Release of prisoners arrested for participating in the civil disobedience movement
    4. Removal of the tax on salt, which allowed the Indians to produce, trade, and sell salt legally and for their own private use.

    5.b    1967


    • International Ecotourism---------------2002
    • World Tourism day --------------------september 27
    • Tourism day in India------------------Januvary 25  
    6.d   malaria


    •     Malaria is caused by the byte of infected Anopheles mosquito.
    •  Black water fever is caused by heavy parasitization of red blood cells with Plasmodium falciparum .
    • Quinine ,drug obtained fron cinchona bark that is used chiefly in the treatment of malaria.
    • Choloroquine is also used for the treatment of malaria.

    7. a Salute 1



    • Russia (then known as the Soviet Union) was the first to place a space station.
    •  The Salyut 1 station, which went into orbit in 1971 april 19.
    • America's first space station is skylab .
    • In 1986, the Russians launched the Mirspace station, which was intended to be a permanent home in space.
    • Nowadays there 2 space station are there.
    • International Space Station (ISS)&Tiangong
    •  Led by the United States, the International Space Station draws upon the scientific and technological resources of 16 nations: Canada, Japan, Russia, 11 nations of the European Space Agency and Brazil. 
    • Tiangong is launched by China in 2011 September.

       8. d   Maulana Abdulkalam Azad.



    • National Education Day is November 11.
    • He was born in the year of 1888 nov 11 in Mecca.
    • He became the First Minister of Education in the Indian Government.
    • His book is "India Wins Freedom"

      9.c  M.N Roy

    • M.N Roy is one of the greatest philosopher of twentieth century.
    • Manabedra Nath Roy.
    • The main books of him are -Men I met,The Future Of Indian Politics,India In Transition,Alphabet Of Fascist Economy,Draft Constitution Of Free India.
    • In 1944 Peoples Plan was given by M.N Roy.
     10.b  Irwin

    • Bhagat Singh,Rajguru,Chandra Sekar Azad were the leaders of Hindustan Socialist Republic Association.
    • Inquilab Sindabad  was first announced by Bhagat Singh.
    • They were hanged on march 23 ,1931(Lahore case).
     11. a      Neck

    •   Study of bones-----Osteology..
    • There are 270 bones in an infant human's body.
    • In adults 206 bones are there.
    • Smallest bone in the body--------Stapes(inside the ear)
    • The Largest bone in the body -----------Femur (Thigh bone)
    12.b  25

    • Minimum age for Rajya sabha---------30
    • Minimum age for President and Vice President---------35
    13. a      Football

    • Held in Malaysia.
    • First Tournament ---1957,  Winners--- Hong Kong
    • In 1964 India got 2nd .
    • Last Tournament ---2008 ,Winners ----Vietnam.
      14. d   Cheetah

    • Seen in Africa.
    • Blue Whale is the largest animal.
    • Largest living land animal is African Bush Elephant.
    • The whale shark is the world's biggest fish.
     15.a      George VI.
    • He was   King of the United Kingdom.(1936-1952)
    • He was the last Emperor of India and First head of Commonwealth.
       16.b  150 days
        
             Mammal                                    gestation period
        1) human                                         270-280

         2)cat                                                58-65

        3)dog                                               58-70

       4)asian elephant                            645 days

       5)horse                                            330-342 days

       6)Lion                                             108 days

       7)pig                                                 112-115 days

       8)rabbit                                            30-35 days

       9)tiger                                               105-112 days

     17.  b  Humphry davy

    •     He was a British chemist and inventor.
    •  Isolating potassium,Barium, Boron,Sodium,calcium and Magnesium.
    • James Chadwick discovered Neutron.
    • J J Thomson discovered Electron.
    • Ernest Rutherford discovered proton.
      18. b   Param.
    • India's first super computer was Param-8000. (1991)
    • Developed by Center for Development of Advanced Computing(C-DAC) ,Pune
    • The latest machine is Param Yuva.
    • Father of India's first super computer is Dr.Vijay  P  Bhatkar.
    • Recently ISRO developed India's fastest super computer calle SAGA-220.
      19.a   V K Krishna Menon



    • BharatRatna is the republic of India's highest civilian Award.
    • C.Rajagopalachry got the first Bharat Ratna award in 1954.He was the first governor general of free India.
    • Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award. 
    • Satyedranath bose got the first padmavibhushan.
    • V.K Krishnamenon is the first malayalee who got the Padma vubhushan award.
    • Padma Bhushan is the third highest civilian award.
    • M Lakshmanaswami Mutaliyar is the first who got the Padma Bhushan Award.
    • Vallathol Narayana Menon is the first malayalee who got the Padma Bhushan award.
    • Padma shri is the fourth highest civilian award.
    • Dr.Bhir Bhan Bhatiya got the first Padmashri award.
    • Dr.Prakhash Varghese Benchamin is the first malayalee who  got the Padmashri award.

     20. b   Lords.
    • Lords cricket ground is in London.
    • Lord's is widely referred to as home of cricket.
    • MCC is the world's most famous cricket club .
    • MCC situated in Lords.
      21.a          Kozhikode town.
    • Kozhikode town police station got ISO 9001:2008 certification on 2011 februvary.
    • Kerala's first coastal police station--------Neendakara (kollam)
    • Kerala's first cyber police station---------State crime records buero (Pattam,Thiruvananthapuram)
    • India's first women police station---------Kozhikode(1973 october).
      22.a   Radon
    • radon is radio active ,colourless,odorless,tasteless noble gas.
    • it occurring naturally as the decay product of Uranium or Thorium. 
    • Radon is one of the densest substance taht remains a gas.

    23.  b      J B Kripalani
    • George VI is the British emperor and Clement attlee is the prime minister at the time of Indian Independence.
    • Lord Mountbatten was the last viceroy and First governer general  of India.
     24.c    1932
       
           some major events in the kerala history


    • Attingal Rebellion----------------------------1721
    • Kulachal Battle -------------------------------1741
    • Kundara proclamation---------------------1809
    • Kurichyar rebellion --------------------------1812
    • Channar lahala--------------------------------1859
    • Malayali Memmorial ------------------------1891
    • Ezhava Memmorial ------------------------1896
    • Wagon Tragedy-----------------------------1921
    • Vaikkom Satyagraha----------------------1924
    • Guruvayoor Satyagraha------------------1931
    • Nivarthana Agitation----------------------1932
    • Temple Entry Proclamation------------1936
    • Punnapra Vayalar Rebellion-----------1946
        25.   b   Kusinagara



    • Buddha's birthplace is Lumbini.
    • His name was Siddhartha.
    • Buddha got enlightment from Bodhgaya (near the bank of river Niranjana)
    • Now it is in Bihar.
    • He first taught Dharma from Saranath(now in Uttar Pradesh)
    • Kusinagar also in Uttarpradesh.

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